HTTP Fetch Object

Reads an object from the specified bucket/key.

Request

GET /buckets/bucket/keys/key

Important headers:

Optional headers:

  • If-None-Match and If-Modified-Since invoke conditional request semantics, matching on the ETag and Last-Modified of the object, respectively. If the object fails one of the tests (that is, if the ETag is equal or the object is unmodified since the supplied timestamp), Riak will return a 304 Not Modified response. See also RFC 2616 - 304 Not Modified.

Optional query parameters:

Response

Normal response codes:

  • 200 OK
  • 300 Multiple Choices
  • 304 Not Modified (when using conditional request semantics)

Typical error codes:

  • 400 Bad Request - e.g. when r parameter is invalid (> N)
  • 404 Not Found - the object could not be found on enough partitions
  • 503 Service Unavailable - the request timed out internally

Important headers:

  • Content-Type - the media type/format
  • X-Riak-Vclock - the opaque vector clock for the object
  • X-Riak-Meta-* - any user-defined metadata defined when storing the object
  • ETag - the entity tag for the object, useful for conditional GET operations and validation-based caching
  • Last-Modified - a timestamp for when the object was last written, in HTTP datetime format
  • Link - user- and system-defined links to other resources. Read more about Links.

The body of the response will be the contents of the object except when siblings are present.

Siblings

When `allow_mult` is set to true in the bucket properties, concurrent updates are allowed to create "sibling" objects, meaning that the object has any number of different values that are related to one another by the vector clock. This allows your application to use its own conflict resolution technique.

An object with multiple sibling values will result in a `300 Multiple Choices` response. If the `Accept` header prefers `multipart/mixed`, all siblings will be returned in a single request as sections of the `multipart/mixed` response body. Otherwise, a list of "vtags" will be given in a simple text format. You can request individual siblings by adding the `vtag` query parameter. Scroll down to the 'manually requesting siblings' example below for more information.

To resolve the conflict, store the resolved version with the `X-Riak-Vclock` given in the response.

Simple Example

$ curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8098/buckets/test/keys/doc2
* About to connect() to 127.0.0.1 port 8098 (#0)
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.1) port 8098 (#0)
> GET /buckets/test/keys/doc2 HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.19.4 (universal-apple-darwin10.0) libcurl/7.19.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8l zlib/1.2.3
> Host: 127.0.0.1:8098
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< X-Riak-Vclock: a85hYGBgzGDKBVIsbLvm1WYwJTLmsTLcjeE5ypcFAA==
< Vary: Accept-Encoding
< Server: MochiWeb/1.1 WebMachine/1.9.0 (participate in the frantic)
< Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
< Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 18:11:41 GMT
< ETag: 6dQBm9oYA1mxRSH0e96l5W
< Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2011 15:24:35 GMT
< Content-Type: application/json
< Content-Length: 13
<
* Connection #0 to host 127.0.0.1 left intact
* Closing connection #0
{"foo":"bar"}

Siblings examples

Manually requesting siblings

Simple call to fetch an object that has siblings:

$ curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8098/buckets/test/keys/doc
* About to connect() to 127.0.0.1 port 8098 (#0)
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.1) port 8098 (#0)
> GET /buckets/test/keys/doc HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.19.4 (universal-apple-darwin10.0) libcurl/7.19.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8l zlib/1.2.3
> Host: 127.0.0.1:8098
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 300 Multiple Choices
< X-Riak-Vclock: a85hYGDgyGDKBVIszMk55zKYEhnzWBlKIniO8kGF2TyvHYIKf0cIszUnMTBzHYVKbIhEUl+VK4spDFTPxhHzFyqhEoVQz7wkSAGLMGuz6FSocFIUijE3pt5HlsgCAA==
< Vary: Accept, Accept-Encoding
< Server: MochiWeb/1.1 WebMachine/1.9.0 (participate in the frantic)
< Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2011 15:24:35 GMT
< Content-Type: text/plain
< Content-Length: 102
<
Siblings:
16vic4eU9ny46o4KPiDz1f
4v5xOg4bVwUYZdMkqf0d6I
6nr5tDTmhxnwuAFJDd2s6G
6zRSZFUJlHXZ15o9CG0BYl
* Connection #0 to host 127.0.0.1 left intact
* Closing connection #0

Now request one of the siblings directly:

$ curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8098/buckets/test/keys/doc?vtag=16vic4eU9ny46o4KPiDz1f
* About to connect() to 127.0.0.1 port 8098 (#0)
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.1) port 8098 (#0)
> GET /buckets/test/keys/doc?vtag=16vic4eU9ny46o4KPiDz1f HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.19.4 (universal-apple-darwin10.0) libcurl/7.19.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8l zlib/1.2.3
> Host: 127.0.0.1:8098
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< X-Riak-Vclock: a85hYGDgyGDKBVIszMk55zKYEhnzWBlKIniO8kGF2TyvHYIKf0cIszUnMTBzHYVKbIhEUl+VK4spDFTPxhHzFyqhEoVQz7wkSAGLMGuz6FSocFIUijE3pt5HlsgCAA==
< Vary: Accept-Encoding
< Server: MochiWeb/1.1 WebMachine/1.9.0 (participate in the frantic)
< Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
< Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 18:01:06 GMT
< ETag: 16vic4eU9ny46o4KPiDz1f
< Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2011 15:24:35 GMT
< Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
< Content-Length: 13
<
* Connection #0 to host 127.0.0.1 left intact
* Closing connection #0
{"bar":"baz"}

Get all siblings in one request

$ curl -v http://127.0.0.1:8098/buckets/test/keys/doc -H "Accept: multipart/mixed"
* About to connect() to 127.0.0.1 port 8098 (#0)
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to 127.0.0.1 (127.0.0.1) port 8098 (#0)
> GET /buckets/test/keys/doc HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.19.4 (universal-apple-darwin10.0) libcurl/7.19.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8l zlib/1.2.3
> Host: 127.0.0.1:8098
> Accept: multipart/mixed
>
< HTTP/1.1 300 Multiple Choices
< X-Riak-Vclock: a85hYGDgyGDKBVIszMk55zKYEhnzWBlKIniO8kGF2TyvHYIKf0cIszUnMTBzHYVKbIhEUl+VK4spDFTPxhHzFyqhEoVQz7wkSAGLMGuz6FSocFIUijE3pt5HlsgCAA==
< Vary: Accept, Accept-Encoding
< Server: MochiWeb/1.1 WebMachine/1.9.0 (participate in the frantic)
< Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2011 15:24:35 GMT
< Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh
< Content-Length: 766
<

--YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
Etag: 16vic4eU9ny46o4KPiDz1f
Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 18:01:06 GMT

{"bar":"baz"}
--YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh
Content-Type: application/json
Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
Etag: 4v5xOg4bVwUYZdMkqf0d6I
Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 18:00:04 GMT

{"bar":"baz"}
--YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh
Content-Type: application/json
Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
Etag: 6nr5tDTmhxnwuAFJDd2s6G
Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 17:58:08 GMT

{"bar":"baz"}
--YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh
Content-Type: application/json
Link: </buckets/test>; rel="up"
Etag: 6zRSZFUJlHXZ15o9CG0BYl
Last-Modified: Wed, 10 Mar 2010 17:55:03 GMT

{"foo":"bar"}
--YinLMzyUR9feB17okMytgKsylvh--
* Connection #0 to host 127.0.0.1 left intact
* Closing connection #0