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Riak CS Multi Data Center Overview

Riak CS Enterprise

Riak CS Enterprise extends Riak CS with Multi-Datacenter Replication, monitoring, and 24×7 support. Customers may use Multi-Datacenter Replication to serve global traffic, create availability zones, maintain active backups, or meet disaster recovery and regulatory requirements. Multi-Datacenter Replication can be used in two or more sites, and data can be replicated across datacenters using realtime or fullsync synchronization.

If you are interested, sign up for a developer trial of Riak CS Enterprise or contact us for more information.

Multi-Datacenter Replication

Multi-Datacenter Replication in Riak CS provides two modes of object replication: fullsync and realtime sync. Data is streamed over a TCP connection and Multi-Datacenter Replication in Riak CS has support for SSL so that data can be securely replicated between sites.

In Riak CS, large objects are broken into blocks and streamed to the underlying Riak cluster on write, where they are replicated for high availability (3 replicas by default). A manifest for each object is maintained so that blocks can be retrieved from the cluster and the full object presented to clients. For multi-site replication in Riak CS, global information for users, bucket information, and manifests are streamed in real time from a primary implementation to a secondary site so that global state is maintained across locations. Objects can then be replicated in either fullsync or realtime sync mode.

Fullsync Mode

In a fullsync operation, objects are replicated from a primary Riak CS implementation to a secondary site on a configurable interval—the default is 6 hours. In fullsync replication, each cluster computes a hash for each key’s block value. Key/block pairs are compared, and the primary site streams any missing blocks or updates needed to the secondary site.

Realtime Mode

Realtime sync is triggered when an update is sent from a client to a primary Riak CS implementation. Once replicated in the first location, the updated manifests are streamed in real time to the secondary site. But what happens if a client requests an object from the secondary cluster and not all of its blocks have been replicated to that cluster? With Riak multi-site replication, the secondary cluster will request any missing blocks via proxy_get from the primary cluster so that the client can be served.